Ever wonder what gives your favorite cannabis strain its woodsy, spicy smell and taste? Chances are, it’s humulene.
Never heard of it? That’s no big surprise.
And even if you have heard of this chemical compound, it may have been pronounced so incorrectly that you don’t connect it to the topic of this article.
But don’t let humulene’s lack of stardom and difficult pronunciation fool you — it’s an important part of the cannabis experience.
In this article, the all-things-cannabis experts at Honest Marijuana tell you everything you need to know about this tasty terpene.
What Is Humulene?
Humulene — or α-humulene (alpha humulene), to be more precise — is a terpene that makes up almost 40% of the terpene profile in modern marijuana strains.
Along with caryophyllene and myrcene, humulene is one of the most common terpenes in the cannabis plant.
As we mentioned at the beginning of this article, humulene is responsible for producing many of the woody and spicy (and sometimes earthy) flavors and smells you’ve come to enjoy in your ganja.
If you’re trying to imagine what humulene smells and tastes like, think hops, sage, or clove — all of which express high percentages of humulene in combination with other terpenes.
Other common plants that contain high amounts of humulene include:
- Black pepper
- Balsam fir
So, if you’ve ever run across any of those things, you’ve got a pretty good idea what humulene tastes and smells like.
A Bit About Pronunciation
While we’re discussing the basics of humulene, let’s touch on pronunciation so we’re all saying it correctly.
Humulene’s three syllables are pronounced:
- Hum (as in the first syllable of “humid” or “human”)
- U (as in “you” or the first letter of “universe”)
- Lene (as in “lean”)
Put it all together, and you get: hum-u-lene. Humulene!
It’s also worth noting that the first syllable gets the major emphasis. So you’d say hum-u-lene, not hum-u-lene nor hum-u-lene.
Say it 10 times fast and, pretty soon, you’ll sound like a pro. Now, on to other things.
Throughout the beginning of this article, we’ve mentioned repeatedly that myrcene is a terpene. But what exactly does that mean?
Read on for the answer.
What Are Terpenes?
The general category of terpenes can be subdivided into monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes.
Monoterpenes — such as myrcene, limonene, and others — are light terpenes (think weight) that are responsible for a wide range of floral scents including rose, apple, geranium, kiwi, and jasmine.
Sesquiterpenes — such as humulene — are heavy terpenes (again, think weight) that are responsible for a wide range of pungent scents including diesel fuel, skunk, tea tree, musk, and patchouli.
So, for example, the terpenes that give various fruits their unique flavor can, with the right breeding, be produced in your favorite fruit-flavor cannabis strain (Fruity Pebbles, for example).
What’s more, combinations of terpenes can yield novel smells and tastes like skunk and diesel fuel (two decidedly non-plant aromas).
But the wow factor doesn’t stop there.
That’s why all the flavors and aromas in the image at the start of this section are named after plants. Terpenes are responsible for creating those flavors and smells.
Terpenes also produce a wide range of health benefits and are useful for treating ailments including:
- Lack of appetite
- Muscle strain
- Breast cancer
That doesn’t mean you can use humulene to treat all these disorders. Humulene has its own unique benefits.
What Are The Effects Of Humulene?
Studies using humulene to treat everything from osteoarthritis to allergies have shown that the terpene may one day be a major contributor to the treatment and management of chronic inflammatory diseases.
It’s important to note that the studies were conducted with higher levels of humulene than you’re likely to get in any one smoke sesh, but the results were promising for the future of humulene for treating medical conditions.
Humulene is also being used successfully to treat medical conditions caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi, including:
- Dengue fever
- Lymphatic filariasis
- Staph infection
With further research, scientists and doctors will, no doubt, find more ways that humulene can serve as an anti-viral/anti-fungal/anti-bacterial.
Because humulene has potential as a powerful anti-inflammatory, it may also serve as an anti-tumoral.
Recent studies delivered promising results that indicate that humulene may play a role in encouraging anti-metastatic activity (preventing spread) in cancer cells.
The researchers warn not to take these results for more than they’re worth because the tests were only performed on single cells. More research is necessary to determine if humulene has any effect on high-mass, malignant tumors.
Keep in mind that these benefits are for humulene by itself. Combine it with other terpenes and cannabinoids and you’ll experience something you never thought possible — the entourage effect.
Get To Know The Entourage Effect
The entourage effect is the interaction of cannabis compounds (e.g., cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and others) to produce certain physical effects.
The entourage effect is so vital in creating these physical effects that some are impossible without it.
You can’t substitute THC for CBD and expect to find relief from psychotic disorders. The two are not interchangeable in that regard.
And while THC and CBD can be used to treat some of the same things, the specific, unique effects mentioned above can only be gained by using one or the other.
But put them together and suddenly you have a wide variety of new treatments and effects available.
For example, the combination of cannabinoids and terpenes such as humulene makes the treatment of depression, OCD, arthritis, and migraines possible.
The cannabinoids and terpenes by themselves don’t result in these same effects. It’s their combination that produces what’s technically known as synergy.
Synergy is the interaction or cooperation of two or more organizations, substances, or other agents to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate effects.
The example above is but one illustration of marijuana’s synergistic effects in action.
Isolate one component—like humulene —or push one component too high—like THC—at the expense of the other components, and the beneficial effects quickly decrease.
Will Humulene Get You High?
So don’t conclude that just because your pot contains humulene that you’re going to start hearing colors and get the munchies later on.
Humulene is not the cause of your high — be it a contact high or direct ingestion — THC, and only THC, is responsible.
Even though many strains contain humulene, other terpenes are present in higher quantities. As a result, our hero humulene is often less prominent (as flavor profiles go) and takes a backseat to the likes of limonene, pinene, and others.
Still, there are a number of strains in which humulene is in the front seat (even the driver’s seat), including:
- Pink Kush
- Death Star
- Sour Diesel
- Original Glue
- Thin Mint Girl Scout Cookies (GSC)
- White Widow
Get The Most Humulene From High-Quality Cannabis
The best way to maximize your humulene is to always buy the highest quality organic cannabis you can get your hands on.
If you’re buying dried and cured raw bud, do your research and choose strains from a reputable grower who uses the best organic methods available.
Choosing organically grown marijuana that doesn’t rely on harmful fertilizers, heavy metals, or pesticides is a good idea however you consume your pot — whether that’s smoking, eating, or dripping it under your tongue.
Plus, choosing a high-quality organic bud (or insisting on high-quality organic strains in the products you purchase) will ensure that you get the most humulene possible.
That’s a win for all involved!
For more information on all things cannabis and to check out our 100-percent all-natural marijuana products, visit HonestMarijuana.com today.
The post What Is Humulene? | The Complete Guide For Cannabis Lovers appeared first on Honest Marijuana.
While we can’t get enough of the disconnect from reality that THC brings to the table or the medicinal properties of CBD, one of our favorite parts of the marijuana experience is the high thoughts that pop into our heads during a particularly entertaining smoke sesh.
Not sure whether you’ve had the privilege of your own stellar musings? Trust us, you’ll know when it happens.
To tide you over, keep you entertained, and help you identify when inspiration arrives, we’ve collected some of our favorite high thoughts of all time.
What Are High Thoughts?
One of the many wonderful features of marijuana is its ability to take your brain places it’s never been before — not literally, of course, but you get the picture.
With only one or two puffs, your thoughts become more flexible and more creative. That’s when high thoughts start to occur.
High thoughts are ideas that provide a different perspective on the mundane facts and activities of regular life.
How do you know if you’ve had a high thought of your own? You can recognize it by the emotional reaction you have.
If you say, “Whoa!”, “Hmmm,” or “Far out!”, congrats and welcome to the club — your notions have reached the next level.
Write them down, send them in, and maybe next time they’ll be on this list.
High Thoughts That Will Break Your Brain
1) It’s Waiters All The Way Down
While you wait for the waiter, at that moment, are you not also the waiter?
2) Interesting But Also Kind Of Sad
There was a moment when you were younger when your mom or dad put you down and never picked you up again.
3) That’s Deep…And Makes A Lot Of Sense
What if people who have anxiety are just unaccustomed to the way the world works because this is the first time they’ve lived through it?
That would mean that confident people feel more at ease because they’ve already lived through at least one life on this planet.
4) You Can Argue This One Until The Cows Come Home
Does a straw have one hole or two?
5) Think About It
How can your brain and body replicate the feeling of falling from a high place in your dreams if you’ve never actually experienced that before?
How is it possible that being “up for it” and “down for it” mean the same thing?
7) Make It Stop
When you buy a bigger bed, you have more bed room but less bedroom.
8) Words Are Hard
Is there a synonym for synonym?
9) Milk Those High Thoughts
It’s kind of messed up that humans drink the milk of other animals. You don’t see a rhino sucking on a zebra for milk, do you?
10) We Always Knew Boomerangs Were Magic
Everything is a boomerang if you throw it up.
11) Ghosts Are Real
When you feel a bug crawling on you but there isn’t actually one there, it’s the ghost of a bug you killed, come back to torment you.
12) We’ve Always Wondered That, Too
Why is there a D when you write “fridge,” but not when you write “refrigerator”?
13) Mind Blown
When you say “scent,” is the S or the C silent?
14) Fair Or Unfair?
If life is unfair to everyone, does that mean it’s actually fair?
15) Not Not A Failure
If you try to fail but end up succeeding, which did you actually do?
16) We’ll Make An Exception
If money is the root of all evil, why do they ask for it in church?
17) A Classic
Hyde: “There is no gas shortage, man. It’s all fake. The oil companies control everything. Like, there’s this guy who invented this car that runs on water, man. It’s got a fiberglass, air-cooled engine, and it runs on water!”
Fez: “So it’s a boat!”
Hyde: “No, it’s a car. Only you put water in the gas tank instead of gas. And it runs on water, man!”
18) Regardless, It Still Hurts
Nothing is ever really on fire because fire is actually on things.
19) What’s It Called?
Technically, the brain named itself.
20) More Bed Stuff
The word “bed” looks like a bed.
21) Pet-Related High Thoughts
Do pets name their owners?
22) It’s All Relative
Right now, you are both the oldest you have ever been and the youngest you will ever be.
23) Somebody Got Confused
Why do we park on a driveway and drive on a parkway?
24) Keep Going
Two wrongs don’t make a right, but three lefts do.
25) First Time Through
What if a phobia you have is how you died in a past life. If you don’t have any phobias, does that mean this is your first life?
26) Good One
Is it called night because there is no light?
27) Stairs Are Another Dimension
You can never stand backward on stairs.
28) A Glitch In The Matrix
If the multiverse theory is true, is there a universe in which it isn’t?
29) This One Gave Us A Headache
What would happen if Pinocchio said his nose was going to grow?
30) How Long Can This Go On
What if dogs play fetch just because they think you enjoy throwing things and want to make you happy?
31) Mostly Human
If humans are mostly water, does that mean the earth is mostly human?
“I’m sorry,” and, “I apologize,” have the exact same meaning unless you’re at a funeral.
33) The Road Less Traveled
If Dora is an explorer, why does she only visit mapped areas?
If you replace the W with a T in the words what, where, and when, you have your answer.
35) So True
History class is only going to get longer and more difficult.
36) Space Cake High Thoughts
Lasagna is spaghetti-flavored cake.
37) Yeah, What Gives?
If babies are in the womb for nine months, why aren’t they considered nine months old when they’re born?
38) Nice Package
Why is it that ships carry cargo and cars carry shipments?
Clapping is repeatedly hitting yourself because you like something.
The person who proofread Hitler’s speeches was a grammar Nazi…literally.
41) Ninjas Everywhere
What if every country has ninjas but we only know about Japan’s ninjas because they’re so bad at being ninjas? How many times can we write ninjas in one sentence?
42) That’s A Lot Of Citrus
Are oranges named oranges because they’re orange? Or, is orange called orange because oranges are orange?
43) The Last One
Throw a rock into a lake and you could be the last person to touch that rock until the end of time.
44) Mental Gymnastics High Thoughts
The word “nun” is just the letter N doing a cartwheel.
45) How The Heck Does That Work?
Cells multiply by dividing.
46) Hey, Y’all, Watch This!
Are bugs born knowing they can walk up walls, or do they just accidentally do it one day and go, “Check me out!”
47) Grunt If You Understand
When you ask for someone’s name, you’re essentially asking them what noise you should make to get their attention.
48) Your Dog’s Probably Right
If you’re high enough to think your dog thinks you smoke too much, your dog’s probably right.
49) Tasty Explosions
Popcorn is explosions frozen in time that you can eat.
50) How Young?
You are younger right now than you are right now.
51) It’s All In The Edit
I got so high last night that I didn’t need glasses anymore!
Edit: I think I may have been wearing my glasses the whole time.
52) High Thoughts Business Idea
Open a dispensary named IDEALCANNABIS. People will either read, “I DEAL CANNABIS,” or, “IDEAL CANNABIS.”
Either way, you’re golden.
53) An Apt Description
We should change the name of testicles to “underies.” That way, the two main reproductive organs will be ovaries and underies.
The names describe the location. Win-win, baby!
Birthday sex is having sex to celebrate your parents having sex.
55) Super High
You know you’re super high when you’re smoking alone, suddenly realize you’re holding the joint way too long, and try to pass it to the next person.
Get The Best High Thoughts From High-Quality Bud
If you want to give yourself the best possible chance for stellar high thoughts like these, fill your bowl, joint, or Backwoods blunt with high-quality, sustainably sourced, organically grown cannabis bud, like those from Honest Marijuana.
While we don’t guarantee your high thoughts will rival the ones on this list, at our Rocky-Mountain-based grow facility, we do employ world-class organic growing methodologies that provide cannabis connoisseurs with the purest marijuana experience on the planet.
We grow our plants the way Mother Nature intended: in organic soil without chemicals or pesticides. We even hand-trim our plants so that they’re organic from the ground up.
For more information on all things cannabis and to check out our 100-percent all-natural marijuana products, visit HonestMarijuana.com today.
Whether you’ve been in the cannabis game for years like we have — we won’t ask your age if you don’t ask ours — or you’ve yet to smoke your first joint, it’s easy to be confused by the difference between solvent, solventless, and solvent-free extracts.
We’re here to help!
In this article, we discuss the difference between the three types of concentrates and give you the secret to the best cannabis extracts.
It All Starts With Cannabinoids
Getting to know the difference between solvent, solventless, and solvent-free extracts starts with the target of all three processes: cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that act on the cannabinoid receptors in your brain (CB1 and CB2).
Even more specifically, cannabinoids are the things that make marijuana the wonder that it is — they’re the stuff that gets you high, relieves your pain, and takes the edge off your anxiety.
Currently, there are around 113 different cannabinoids with familiar (and unfamiliar) initialisms, including:
Wouldn’t it be cool, though, if there was a way to strip all those cannabinoids (and terpenes and flavonoids) from the plant matter and take them more directly?
You guessed it — there is! It’s called extraction.
What Are Extracts?
The end result of extraction is — wait for it — an extract.
Extracts are basically concentrated cannabinoids (which is why they’re also called concentrates) without the plant matter to get in the way.
Extraction works by breaking the bonds that hold the cannabinoids on the surface of the cannabis and results in a finished product that ranges from solid to liquid to everything in between.
The topic of this article, then, is HOW you separate the cannabinoids from the flowers where they originate: with a solvent, solventless, or solvent-free.
Solvent Vs. Solventless Vs. Solvent-Free
Extraction Method: Chemical
Solvent extracts are made by passing chemicals (solvents) over raw bud. The chemicals dissolve the cannabinoids and hold them in solution after the plant matter is removed.
Then, the chemical is forced to evaporate. When it does, it leaves behind a liquid or solid that is all but pure cannabinoids.
Types Of Solvent Extraction
There are several different types of solvent extraction that fall into the general category of hydrocarbon extraction.
1) Butane Extraction
Butane extraction is one of the more common methods of separating the cannabinoids from the plant matter.
It works by packing raw buds into a tube or pipe and then forcing butane (lighter fluid) from one end to the other.
The butane is then allowed to evaporate and the resulting concentrate is an oily substance aptly called butane hash oil.
Now before you run out to buy a big bottle of butane to make your own solvent extracts, be warned: butane extraction is a very dangerous process if not performed correctly.
First of all, butane is a highly flammable substance that will explode if not handled properly.
Second, butane vapors can collect at low levels (the floor) where you’re not likely to detect them until it’s too late. Add any kind of spark to this mix (even static electricity) and you’ve got big problems.
Third, butane vapor can be deadly if inhaled in high quantities so it’s important to work in a well-ventilated area.
Butane extraction is very similar to the process used to make methamphetamines (meth) and we’ve all seen the charred results on TV when that goes wrong (no more trailer!).
Bottom line: Leave butane extraction to the experts with the fancy and SAFE equipment.
2) CO2 Extraction
Carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction is another complicated chemical process that requires expensive lab machines to get right.
CO2 extraction machines use supercritical CO2 (i.e., very cold and under high pressure) to remove the cannabinoids from the plant matter.
This supercritical property of CO2 is great for chemical extraction because it is “gentler” than other compounds and won’t cause damage or denaturing (making it unfit for consumption).
And because the solubility in CO2 varies with pressure, supercritical CO2 can be used to extract selected compounds (rather than a combination of all compounds) with just a few small adjustments.
The one drawback to CO2 extraction is that the machine to do the job is extremely expensive.
The cost of an industrial, state-of-the-art, supercritical CO2 extraction system can run you about $39,000. Chances are, you don’t have that kind of coin burning a hole in your pocket.
Thankfully, you don’t have to put your life in jeopardy or go into debt to experience the rush of consuming a cannabis extract.
Solventless extracts to the rescue!
Extraction Method: Mechanical
Solventless extracts are those that have been produced without chemical solvents.
They are much more DIY-friendly than solvent extracts and can often be carried out with nothing more than your hands, a grinder, or a hot iron.
Types Of Solventless Extracts
Handle marijuana buds long enough and you’ll get a bit of sticky icky on your hands. Your first instinct might be to rush to the nearest sink and scrub that stuff off. Don’t do it!
Instead, rub your hands together or roll your fingers around against your thumb. With enough effort, you can corral that sticky into a small ball.
And, like the solvent extracts in the previous section, it’s pure cannabinoids.
For more information on how to make and use hash — the original solventless extract — check out these articles from the HMJ blog:
- How To Make Hash: The Complete Guide
- Hash (Hashish): What Is It And How Does It Differ From Marijuana
Another common type of solventless extract is kief.
Kief is the word cannaenthusiasts use to refer to the terpenes and cannabinoids of the cannabis plant.
Essentially, kief is the solid form of the stuff you remove from the plant matter in solvent extraction.
By far, the easiest way to get ahold of your own kief is to purchase and use a grinder. More specifically, a four-piece or three-chamber grinder.
A four-piece grinder is composed of a lid, a grinding chamber, a collection chamber, and a kief chamber. You put your dried and cured weed in the grinding chamber, attach the lid, and give the whole thing a good screw (no, not that type of screw).
During the grinding process, two things happen:
- The buds are sliced and diced
- The kief is dislodged from the plant matter
The ground-up leaves fall through the screen at the bottom of the grinding chamber into the collection chamber. If you continue to agitate the grinder, the free kief will fall through the screen at the bottom of the collection chamber into the kief chamber.
After a while, you’ll amass enough of the sticky powder in the kief chamber to do some really cool things.
Extraction Method: Distillation (it’s much more complicated than it sounds)
Solvent-free extracts are a close relative of solvent extracts.
One of the major problems with solvent extraction is that it can leave behind trace amounts of the solvent (e.g., butane or CO2).
Sure, the amounts we’re talking about are extremely small, but they can add up over time. Do you really want to be introducing potentially toxic substances into your body?
Solvent-free extracts address this concern by running the solvent extract through another set of laboratory processes to remove every trace of solvent residue.
So, what started out as a solvent extract, is now 100% free of the harmful chemical used to create it — it’s solvent-free!
Which Extract Is Right For You?
Honestly, there’s no one-size-fits-all answer to this question.
A person’s choice of solvent versus solventless versus solvent-free is 100% personal and may change a number of times in their life.
The best advice we can give? Try them all!
There are so many different varieties of extract, you can spend several years running through the list. What fun!
Talk to the budtenders at your local dispensary and see what they recommend to start you out.
Solventless Or Not, The Best Extract Comes From High-Quality Buds
Your cannabis extract can come from any strain and be of any quality.
The best extract, however, comes from high-quality, organic buds.
For a truly righteous extract experience, we recommend only using a high-quality variety (headies or beasters) of your favorite strain. It will make the experience so much better.
Plus, with a good quality, organic strain — like those grown at Honest Marijuana — you’ll need less hash oil to experience the same effects. A little will go a long way.
You may have to pay a bit more for a high-quality extract, but you’ll be much happier with how you feel when you use it.
If you live in Colorado, find some Honest Marijuana and discover what the purest marijuana experience on the planet feels like. You won’t be sorry.
For more information on all things cannabis and to check out our 100-percent all-natural marijuana products, visit HonestMarijuana.com today.
The post The Difference Between Solvent, Solventless, And Solvent-Free Cannabis Extracts appeared first on Honest Marijuana.
5 Visual Cannabis Merchandising Tips Retailers from all walks of life are trying to figure out how to merchandise products that, pre-pandemic, would be offered using “try before you buy” tactics to entice people to make a purchase. Clothing stores had dressing rooms. Makeup stores had countertop sampling displays. Food purveyors offered edibles from self-service
6 Cannabis Dispensary Compliance Tips Cannabis compliance is one of the things to which every cannabis dispensary must pay attention. Not only does compliance ensure that you have the legal right to carry out your cannabis-related operations, but it also helps keep your business from unnecessary fines and sanctions. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
How We Engage Learners Using LMS Features Keeping learners engaged isn’t always easy in the cannabis industry and there are many contributing factors, ranging from the fact that they do not feel challenged or the fear of compliance failure. It often comes down to personal factors, including the instructor and learner relationship or a particular
Micro-Growing: What Is It And How Does It Work?
What is your rationale for not growing marijuana instead of buying dried buds from a dispensary near you? Does the lack of space play a role in it? It may be that you don’t want to invest in a grow room even though you have contemplated cultivating cannabis in the past? In any case, the solution is as simple as micro-growing.
Growing weeds in a micro grow is fundamentally the same as growing cannabis in any other manner. It is the only exception that you need only a cupboard or a small cabinet space instead of a large growing area. This is because you are only growing one or two plants.
In addition to being the least expensive way to start growing marijuana, it also offers the best yield. The decision to set up a dedicated grow room comes only after you’ve tried it already and decided to grow more plants.
Methods Of Micro-Growing
It is possible to train yourself with micro-growing cannabis. It’s important to keep in mind, however, that autoflowering strains may benefit from a reduced amount of stress.
It is perfectly acceptable to use any of these methods if the seed is regular, feminized, or fast version.
The Screen of Green (SCROG)
There are many training methods based on SCROG. On top of the upper canopy, a wire screen is placed horizontally. By bending the branches, the bud sites are forced upward, with only one hole occupying each. Having an equal distribution of light makes it possible for the buds to develop maximum amounts of cannabinoids. As a result, yields are also increasing. Visit https://homegrowncannabisco.com/grow-your-own-with-kyle-kushman/advanced-techniques/screen-of-green/ to learn more
The act of topping is the removal of the top of the plant, causing multiple branches to grow. As a result, the plants now form bushy structures instead of growing upwards. Increase the number of bud sites and the yields will rise.
Low-stress training (LST)
Among the training techniques for beginners, LST is the safest and least destructive. In this case, the goal is to tie the higher branches, growing more side branches and colas as a result. A larger harvest size can be expected as a result.
The practice of super cropping involves pinching and breaking the branches of the main stem under high-stress conditions. It is hoped that by intentionally injuring the plant, it will be fooled into thinking that the stem is gone, and grow more lateral branches as a result.
Varieties of Seeds and Strains For Micro-Growing
It’s important to consider the available space when choosing a cultivar. During the flowering phase of Sativa plants, for example, their height can increase by 200-300%. Many strains are tall and slender, reaching 3 meters in length. Breeders have, however, developed mostly Sativa hybrids with little Indica characteristics in the past two decades. Take a look around and browse products at Homegrown Cannabis Co.
Micro-growing Indica hybrids are very popular. In addition, it extends no more than 100% during the blooming season. As well as having shorter flowering times, these plants also produce a smaller yield.
The use of automotive makes life more convenient as well. Small plants have a natural ability to transition to a flowering state without the help of light cycles. Many of these strains are also compact compared to typical hybrids of Indica origins. The best part is that they grow fast, allowing you to harvest the buds several weeks earlier than you would with traditional methods.
Water And Nutrients
Small containers are used in micro-growing. Having said that, it’s not a big deal. A small container also means that fewer nutrients and water can be held in the substrate. A secondary benefit is that the root system is not that extensive – fewer roots are able to absorb the nourishment. Therefore, larger containers require more fertilizer and water than smaller ones.
Sizing A Container
In the container, the plant’s size is affected by the container’s dimensions. A plant’s root system occupies roughly the same volume beneath the surface as the plant above ground. Because of the pot size, a plant’s size depends on how large its roots can grow.
A plant with a height of 12 inches requires 2 gallons of water. It should only be considered a general guideline. It is important to consider the height and available space in the growing area when choosing a strain. Some strains require more, while others require less. The reason for this is to ensure there will be no problems with vertical space once the plants reach maturity and begin to expand during blooming. It is recommended to use a final container with a capacity of 2-3 gallons in this case. Light sources should not be too close to the upper canopy of the growing area.
A Light Source Is Important
The use of an HID lamp in a small space can be problematic. As it is, there isn’t much room to promote better air circulation and ventilation, and the heat is too much.
In general, you should use 400 watts per square meter. Fluorescent tubes and CFLs are better than HPI/HPS lamps. Providing adequate light intensity and generating little heat, these lights are suitable for micro-growing. For blue-based lighting, you need to remember that red is used for flowering, whereas the blue color is used for vegetative growth.
Compromising by using fluorescent tubes or CFLs is not an option. There is not enough space to use HID lamps, so you are limited by that. As a result, the best thing for you to do is to provide the closest color possible. When you grow plants under HPS bulbs, they will grow and yield buds less efficiently than when under a fluorescent lamp.
In addition, you might want to consider a LED lamp that emits a full spectrum of light. However, you are free to decide if you want to pay more or not. With LEDs, you can produce higher-quality buds by using the right wavelengths.
Ventilation And Air Circulation In Micro-growing
Leaves are actively engaged in the process of photosynthesis while absorbing light energy from the sun. This process also requires carbon dioxide. It may not be possible to provide enough air in such a small space. As a result, CO2 is in decreasing supply. In that case, ensuring continuous air movement becomes much more important.
It is also essential to draw air into a growing space at the same time that excess heat is expelled. A small fan may be able to be placed in the room depending on its clearance. A computer fan can be helpful if the room is too crowded.
You can place a fan near the top to act as an exhaust fan, drawing warm air away. It might be possible to install another fan down below, which would be used as an intake fan for cooler, fresh air.
Online Canadian Hydroponics Store Has Wholesale Hydroponic Equipment for Sale
What is Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is an approach to gardening or farming done without soil. Instead, plants are grown in a mix of water and nutrients only – amazing right? Although it is revolutionary, it shouldn’t come as much of a surprise as technology has greatly advanced in the last century.
Growing plants hydroponically is faster and much more efficient than growing them traditionally in soil. It’s been found that plants grown with this use less water, require less space, but still yield more. Also, this system can be used year-round unlike conventional farming where the soil would have lost most of its nutrients and would need to be left for a few years to recover.
Hydroponic systems are ideal for anyone, anywhere, and it is an innovative solution that solves the problem of farming and gardening in urban cities with little or no spaces. Through this system city dwellers are able to practice small- or large-scale gardening depending on their choice and budget.
With the right equipment, this system of growing crops can be incredibly easy. You can visit http://wholesalehydroponics.ca to learn more about where to find the right equipment.
Types of Hydroponic Systems
There are six main approaches to hydroponic systems employed today. They are:
- Water culture
- Drip Hydroponics
- Wick systems
- Ebb & flow
- Nutrient film technology (NFT)
This system places the plant roots directly into the water-nutrient mixture or solution. Plants also need oxygen and so it is supplied into the solution by what is called an air stone, or a diffuser. When using the water culture system, it is important to keep the plants’ position secured; this can be done using net pots.
The water culture system is used by a lot of people because placing the root directly into the nutrient solution enables the plant absorb nutrients much faster. As a result, plants grown using this method mature quickly.
The water culture system works for any type of plant, including those with big root systems. The only potential draw back with this type of hydroponics is that plant roots will be infected by diseases if growing conditions are dirty.
The drip method is an excellent option for growers who make frequent changes to the type of plants they cultivate, as it is easy to use and can be altered to fit various types of plants. Nutrients are fed to plants by pumping them into a tube that carries them to the plant base.
A drip emitter is attached to the end of each tube and is used to regulate the solution that the plants are being fed. The flow can be adjusted to suit each plant.
The drip system can be built to any size and can be designed as circulating or non-circulating systems. Circulating systems drip steadily and sends extra nutrients back to the nutrient solution tank. Due to the flexibility of this system, just about any plant can be grown with it. There is however, one caveat with the drip hydroponics and that is the fact that growers will need to constantly monitor and regulate the unstable pH and nutrient levels that comes with the recirculation. Click here to learn more about plant pH scales.
This hydroponic method is the simplest method that can be used by anyone to grow plants. Wick systems are popular for not requiring the use of electricity, pumps, or aerators. They are the only systems that are completely passive, not needing electricity for anything.
In wick systems, crops are placed in a medium that is absorbent. Examples include coco coir, vermiculite, perlite, with a nylon (wick) placed around them that run straight into the nutrient solution. Because this hydroponic method doesn’t supply enough nutrients to crops, it is recommended for use only for small house plants and herbs.
Although recommended for small herbs and plants, wick systems shouldn’t be used for heavy-feeders like peppers and tomatoes. Heavy-feeders are plants that require a large supply of nutrients to grow properly; which makes the wick system inappropriate for them. Another drawback to this method is that herbs do not absorb nutrients and water evenly, leading to the accumulation of toxic mineral salts. Visit https://organicgrowersschool.org/gardeners/library/feeding-your-garden-organically/ to learn more about heavy feeders.
Aeroponics is a simple concept in hydroponics but definitely isn’t an easy method. In aeroponics, the plants are suspended in the air with the nutrients sprayed over the roots by specialized nozzles set up below the plants.
These nozzles are connected to the nutrient solution tank fitted with pumps that make the spraying process possible. Below the suspended herbs is also a reservoir that collects the excess of the nutrient solution sprayed on the herbs.
Depending on the size of the reservoir, almost every type of herb can be grown using the aeroponic system. Lastly, with aeroponics, growers do not bother about how to supply oxygen to herbs as they get enough being suspended in the air. The aeroponic method isn’t perfect either as it has two notable issues. One is that it is expensive to build and maintain. Secondly, the nozzles used in spraying nutrients often get clogged and requiring frequent checkups.
Ebb and Flow
Also known as flood and drain, this hydroponic system is popular among home gardeners; here’s how it works. Crops are placed into expansive grow beds that are filled with special grow medium like perlite or rockwool.
Once herbs have been carefully planted, the nutrient solution is pumped into the bed till it reaches a few inches below the top of the grow medium to prevent overflow. The pump used in this exercise is fitted with a timer that turns it off after it has worked for a while. Once turned off, the nutrient solution is then drained completely from the grow bed back into the pump.
The ebb and flow method works well for growing different kinds of crops including vegetables like radishes and carrots. That said, this system isn’t recommended for crops with large root systems as they will require too much space.
Nutrient Film Technology (NFT)
In the NFT system, herbs are held in sloping channels that allow the flow of nutrients through to the roots of the herbs. The sloping channel allows the solution to flow back to the reservoir after passing through the roots of the crops.
NFT systems do not make use of grow mediums but relatively small channels that won’t grow larger plants. Despite the fact that these channels are only suitable for smaller crops, they can be designed to accommodate a large number of smaller plants, making it very scalable. This is why it is used by many commercial planters.
The use of hydroponics is steadily growing and have proven to be a sustainable method for growing plants. Although more expensive than conventional farming, growers using this agricultural method are able to control a lot of environmental factors that affect crop growth and yield.
The post Online Canadian Hydroponics Store Has Wholesale Hydroponic Equipment for Sale first appeared on How to Grow Weed Indoors.
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Have You Seen This?
Master Grower Certification – Get certified right now using discount code: BWS20 and don’t forget to message me once you complete the course. Happy to help fellow growers, smokers and 420 friendly people IMPROVE their lives. – The AardVark
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